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Domestic Shorthair Cat Facts

There is just no end to the variety of Domestic Shorthair cats, which can come in a multitude of colors, shapes, and sizes. They also make wonderful family pets. It’s said that there over 80 million domestic shorthair cats in American homes. That’s not surprising when you consider that these cats are often friendly, low maintenance, and pretty healthy.

What is a Domestic Shorthair?

Domestic Shorthair, or “moggie” in the United Kingdom, does not refer to an actual breed. These cats have mixed ancestry, which can vary from cat to cat, not unlike Mixed Breed dogs or “mutts.”  While some Domestic Shorthair cats may look like a particular feline breed, any resemblance is more a coincidence than a genetic identification.

And don’t confuse Domestic Shorthairs with the American Shorthair cat. This is an easy mistake to make, because they can have similar physical attributes, like a muscular build. However, the American Shorthair is a recognized breed and does not have the same genetic composition as the Domestic Shorthair.

Domestic Shorthair History

It’s thought that cats were originally domesticated in Egypt around 2000 B.C. It’s also believed that they were brought over to the United States on the Mayflower to help control the rodent population on the ship.

Domestic Shorthair cats were considered hard workers who were good at capturing prey, so kept around as pets and barnyard cats while the Pilgrims settled into the new land. The American Shorthair breed developed from these original cats brought from Europe.

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Popular House Cats

As I mentioned, Domestic Shorthair cats make fabulous family pets, and are even referred to as “house cats.” They’ve also been called “alley cats” although that term tends to have a negative connotation. These nicknames can make these cats sound quite generic, but they each have their own unique look and personality.

Domestic Shorthair Physical Traits

Domestic Shorthairs can come in a seemingly infinite number of colors and patterns. OK, maybe not purple or plaid, but you can find them in brown, tan, white, black, red, orange—and the list goes on. In addition, they can be mostly solid in color, bicolor, tricolor, tabby, etc.

Their eyes can be a variety of colors too. They can be blue, green, brown, hazel, or two different colors, which is a striking look for a cat. These cats can also come in various sizes running anywhere from 6 to 16 pounds. Males are also typically larger than females.

Despite these differences, they can share some general similarities, such as:

  • Muscular body types
  • Rounded heads and paws
  • Medium length tails

In addition, they are generally healthy cats with relatively long life spans from 12 to 14 years or more. That’s not to say they can’t get hurt or sick unexpectedly, or that they don’t need routine wellness care, like regular exams and vaccines. If you get a Domestic Shorthair cat, you should look into cat insurance to get help managing your veterinary costs. Wellness care in particular can add up over the course of your cat’s life.

Domestic Shorthair cat personality traits

Domestic Shorthair Personalities

The personalities of Domestic Shorthair cats can be as varied as their appearance. If you ask someone who owns one of these cats, they may say that they are quiet and reserved, quirky and fun, strong and independent, sweet and clingy, daring and adventurous, sassy and clever, or a mixture of all of these depending on the mood you catch them in.

I must confess that I have a Domestic Shorthair cat named Zoe cuddled up next to me purring quietly as I’m writing. She is my gentle, cute, and loving muse. But she can also be a ball of energy when you bring out one of her interactive toys, especially if it has catnip!

Caring for Your Domestic Shorthair

Another reason that Domestic Shorthair cats are great family pets is that they are rather low maintenance. They typically groom themselves well and have short to medium length hair. That means you don’t need to give their coat too much attention, although regular brushing is still important to keep their fur in top shape and cut down on those nasty (cough!) hairballs.

When you bring home a Domestic Shorthair cat, be sure to visit your veterinarian soon after you’re settled in.

When you bring home a Domestic Shorthair cat, be sure to visit your veterinarian soon after you’re settled in. If your new feline friend is a kitten, you should definitely go to the veterinarian with in the first week.

Talk to your veterinarian about the best way to care for your cat, including proper nutrition, exercise, and recommended wellness care treatments, like vaccines. You can check out our Infographic for more on kitty’s first veterinary visit.

You should also plan to keep your Domestic Shorthair cat indoors. In fact, the ASPCA® recommends that all cats be kept inside where they are safer from accidents, encounters with other animals, parasites, and contagious diseases, like feline leukemia. Domestic Shorthair cats are also known to be hunters, so you’ll also be helping to preserve small birds and other wildlife (not to mention avoid small furry “presents” at your doorstep) by keeping them indoors.

Domestic Shorthair cat health problems

Domestic Shorthair Health Problems

These felines tend to be a healthy lot as I talked about earlier. However, they may be prone to overeating, which can lead to obesity and the constellation of health problems related to carrying extra pounds. Obese or overweight cats can suffer from joint pain, back issues, liver and kidney problems, heart disease, and illnesses, like diabetes.

Feed your cat a healthy diet and measure out portions to help avoid giving too much at one sitting. It can also be useful to feed your cat at set times rather than leaving food out to be grazed on whenever she feels the urge to eat. Keep an eye on those treats too! They can contain a lot of sugar and unhealthy fats, which can pack on the pounds before you know it.

Top Claims for the Domestic Shorthair

Like any cats, Domestic Shorthairs can get all kinds of ailments, such as ear mites, skin disorders, upper respiratory infections, hyperthyroidism, kidney disease, or cancer. They also don’t always land that four-paw jump off the kitchen counter!

Here are some of the most common pet health insurance claims* for Domestic Shorthair cats:

  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Tummy Upset
  • Kidney Disease
  • Diabetes
  • Respiratory Issues
  • Vomiting
  • Urinary Conditions

Cat insurance can help you manage the costs of all these issues as well as the routine preventative care your cat needs. After all, surgery for removing a swallowed string can get expensive—believe me, I know! Get your free quote now.

how to adopt a Domestic Shorthair cat

Adopting a Domestic Shorthair

One thing you should definitely know about Domestic Shorthair cats is that there are lots of them out there in shelters waiting for loving homes. If you’re thinking about getting a cat, consider visiting a local shelter to find your new feline friend.

And please, please, please spay or neuter your cat. It not only cuts down on unexpected litters, it can also protect your cat from serious diseases, like ovarian and testicular cancer.

Visit the ASPCA’s website to find a shelter in your area. Also, find out what you need to know about bringing home a new kitten from the adoption process to basic kitten care.

*Source: ASPCA Pet Health Insurance Claims Data, 1/1/15 - 12/31/15


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